SOCIAL CAPITAL IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL ECONOMIC SYSTEMS
Keywords:Development, System National Economy, Social Capital, Indicators of State and Development, Self-Regulation
Introduction. Social capital through public trust, solidarity and a sense of belonging can help increase the effectiveness of public participation in national economic development programs.
Problem Statement. The study of this issue becomes especially relevant due to the search for additional opportunities in the implementation of institutional transformations, development of investment, innovation and entrepreneurshi.
Purpose. Study of social capital as an important factor in the development of the system of the national economy.
Material and Methods. Applied methods of comparative analysis, monographic, abstract-logical were used.
The information base of the research is data of the World Bank, European Business Association, State Statistics
Service of Ukraine, Institute of Sociology of the NAS of Ukraine.
Results. The essence of the concepts of “development”, “system”, “national economy”, and “social capital” has
been defined. The structure of the national economy in institutional, socio-economic, spatial, sectoral, reproductive, technological and foreign economic aspects has been considered. The indicators of the state and development of the system of national economy and social capital have been offered and analyzed in the dynamics, the interrelation between them has been revealed. The presence of a connection between the level of trust in society and the development of social networks has been established. The influence of social capital on self-regulation of entrepreneurial activity has been revealed, proposals on its effective formation and use in the national economy have been introduced.
Conclusions. Social capital is a driver of institutional change, a means of horizontal and vertical communication between the elements of the national economy. Its influence on the prosperity of the country has been proven,
as well as its relationship with indicators of investment, innovation and entrepreneurshi The subjects of the national economy at the expense of social capital have additional competitive advantages due to the sharing of own resources and reduction of transaction costs.
Busel, V. (2005). A large explanatory dictionary of the modern Ukrainian language. Irpin: VTF "Perun" [in Ukrainian].
Raievnieva, O. (2006). Enterprise development management: methodology, mechanisms, models. Kharkiv: VD "Inzhek" [in Ukrainian].
Shynkaruk, V. (1986). Philosophical dictionary (2nd ed.). Kyiv: Holov. red. URE [in Ukrainian].
Gavrilko, Р. Gavrilko, P. (2012). National economy: theoretical aspects of structure optimization. Scientific Bulletin of NLTU of Ukraine, 22.4, 187-196 [in Ukrainian].
Grontkovska, O. (2010). National economy as a scientific category and object of theoretical and economic analysis. Bulletin of Kamyanets-Podilsky National University named after Ivan Ogienko. Economic sciences, 3, 106-111 [in Ukrainian].
Karintseva, O., Kharchenko, M., Panchenko, A. (2017). Theoretical approaches to defining the concept of "structure of the national economy". Bulletin of SSU. Economics Series, 3, 103-111 [in Ukrainian].
Alaassar, A., Mention, A.-L., Aas, T. H. (2020). Exploring how social interactions influence regulators and innovators: The case of regulatory sandboxes. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 160, 120257. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040162520310830 (Last accessed: 15.12.2021). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120257
Bolíbar, M. (2020). Social capital, human capital and ethnic occupational niches: an analysis of ethnic and gender inequalities in the Spanish labour market. Palgrave Commun, 6, 22. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-020-0397-4
De Vaan, M., Wang, D. (2020). Micro-structural foundations of network inequality: Evidence from a field experiment in professional networking. Social Networks, 63, 213-230. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037 8873320300460 (Last accessed: 15.12.2021).
Daskalopoulou, I., Karakitsiou, A. (2020). Regional social capital and economic growth: Exploratory evidence from testing the virtuous spiral vs. vicious cycle model for Greece. Sustainability, 12, 6037. URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2071- 1050/12/15/6037 (Last accessed: 15.12.2021).
Pawlewicz, K., Pawlewicz, А. (2020). Interregional diversity of social capital in the context of sustainable development-A case study of Polish voivodeships. Sustainability, 12, 5583. URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/14/5583?type= check_update&version=2 (Last accessed: 15.12.2021). https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145583
Rowan, S., Kwiatkowski, K. (2020). Assessing the Relationship between Social Vulnerability, Social Capital, and Housing Resilience. Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, 12(18), 1-21. URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/ 18/7718 (Last accessed: 21.11.2021).
Shpykulyak, O., Mazur, G. (2014). Institutional principles of social capital formation in the mechanism of rural development. Economics of agro-industrial complex, 8, 63-68 [in Ukrainian].
State Statistics Service of Ukraine. (2014). Classification of institutional sectors of the Ukrainian economy. Statistical Classifier of Ukraine. (Order No. 378, December 03). URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/rada/show/v0378832-14#Text (Last accessed: 10.01.2022) [in Ukrainian].
Derzhspozhyvstandart of Ukraine. (2010). Classification of types of economic activity DK 009: 2010. National Classifier of Ukraine. (Order No. 457, October 11). URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/rada/show/vb457609-10#Text [in Ukrainian]. (Last accessed: 10.01.2022).
Hrytsaienko, Н., Hrytsaienko, M. (2018). Social investment in social capital. Business Inform, 1, 188-194 [in Ukrainian].
The Legatum Prosperity Index (2020). Official web-site. URL: https://www.prosperity.com/rankings (Last accessed: 05.01.2022).
The World bank (2020). World Development Indicators. URL: http://databank.worldbank.org/ (Last accessed: 05.01.2022).
European Business Association (2020). Index of investment attractiveness of Ukraine. URL: https://eba.com.ua/wpcontent/uploads/2020/07/EBA-InvestIndex_1H-2020_UKR.pdf (Last accessed: 05.01.2022).
World Economic Forum (2020). Official web-site. URL: https://www.weforum.org/reports/how-to-end-a-decade-oflost-productivity-growth) (Last accessed: 05.01.2022).
Shpykuliak, O., Hrytsaienko, M. (2016). Development of innovative activity in the agricultural sector: management and efficiency. Kherson: OLDI-PLYuS [in Ukrainian].
Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2015). About scientific and scientific and technical activity (Act No. 848-VIII, November 26). URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/848-19#Text [in Ukrainian]. (Last accessed: 10.01.2022).
Parashchevin, M. (2018). Results of national annual monitoring surveys 1994-2018. Ukrainian society: monitoring of social change, 6, 415-426 [in Ukrainian].
The World bank (2020). Doing business. URL: http://www.doingbusiness.org (Last accessed: 05.01.2022).
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2019). Action plan to deregulate economic activity and improve the business climate (Order No. 1413-р, December 04). URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1413-2019-%D1%80#Text (Last accessed: 10.01.2022). [in Ukrainian].
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2019). Action Plan to Raise Ukraine's Position in the World Bank's Doing Business (Order No. 1413-р. December 04). URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1413-2019-%D1%80#Text (Last accessed: 05.01.2022). [in Ukrainian].
Ministry of Economic Development, Trade and Agriculture of Ukraine (2020). Information on the implementation of the Action Plan to increase Ukraine's position in the World Bank's "Doing Business" rating, approved by the order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated 04.12.2019 № 1413 as of 31.07.2020. URL: https://www.me.gov.ua/Documents/ Detail?lang=uk-UA&id=05376d6c-3772-4027-ac6f-73e33e2905a8&title=DoingBusiness2019 (Last accessed: 05.01.2022) [in Ukrainian].
Hrytsaienko, M. (2019). Social capital in the mechanism of self-regulation of entrepreneurial activity in agriculture. Economics of agro-industrial complex, 8, 70-78 [in Ukrainian].
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2018). On approval of the Concept of reforming the institution of self-regulation in Ukraine (Order No. 308-р., May 10). URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/308-2018-%D1%80 (Last accessed: 05.01.2022) [in Ukrainian].
Hrytsaienko, M. (2018). The essence of social capital and its features in the agricultural sector. Economics of agro-industrial complex, 1, 60-65 [in Ukrainian].
How to Cite
Authors published in the journal “Science and Innovation” agree to the following conditions:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication.
Authors may enter into separate, additional contractual agreements for non-exclusive distribution of the version of their work (article) published in the journal “Science and Innovation” (for example, place it in an institutional repository or publish in their book), while confirming its initial publication in the journal “Science and innovation.” Authors are allowed to place their work on the Internet (for example, in institutional repositories or on their website).