Innovative Approaches to Judicial Modeling in the Context of E-Democracy: Prospects for Ukraine

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15407/scine18.04.120

Keywords:

e-democracy, e-government, e-court, e-litigation, trial modelling, Unified Judicial Information and Telecommunication System, videoconferencing mode

Abstract

Introduction. Innovative approaches in the field of digitalization of the judiciary of Ukraine include the development of network technologies, introduction and improvement of electronic court document management, creation of automated systems for generalization of judicial practice and analysis of court activity, updating the telecommunications structure of courts, creating a single judicial database.
Problem Statement. An important research task is the monitoring of “electronic tools” for modelling litigation in order to complete, timely, impartial, expedited and effective consideration of court cases, as well as the development on this basis of legislative and law enforcement proposals.
Purpose. Theoretical understanding of the role of law and law enforcement practice in the process of using e-democracy tools in the judiciary.
Materials and Мethods. Logical law, comparative law, empirical, deductive and systematic methods of analy sis of the development of electronic litigation in Ukraine.
Results. The current state of implementation of the Unified Judicial Information and Telecommunication System in Ukraine has been analyzed. Legal monitoring of the legislative framework for e-court regulation in Ukraine has been conducted.
Conclusions. In order to improve the legal basis for modelling litigations in Ukraine, the following issues need to be addressed: 1) access to court by videoconference for the parties to the case; 2) use of all possible (existing) messengers for communication with the court; 3) appeal to the court (submission of documents) exclusively in electronic form; 4) remote form for jurisdictional proceedings; 5) remote access to court records for all employees; 6) the possibility of signing the text of the decision without a personal presence in court (electronic signature); 7) automatic distribution of cases between all judges of Ukraine of the relevant specialization (departure from territorial jurisdiction).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

On Approval of the Concept of E-government Development in Ukraine: Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from 20.09.2017. No 649-r. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/649-2017-%D1%80#Text (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

Bellamy, C., Taylor, J. (1998). Governing in the Information Age. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Osborne, D., Gaebler, T. (1992). Reinventing Government. How Entrepreneurial Spirit is Transforming the Public Sector. New York: Addison Wesley.

Fountain, J. E. (2001). Building the Virtual State: Information Technology and Institutional Change. Washington: Brookings Institution Press.

Anttiroiko, A.-V. (2004). Introduction to Democratic E-Governance. eTransformation in Governance: New Directions in Government and Politics, 24, 22-50.

https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-59140-130-8.ch002

On the Basic Principles of Information Society Development in Ukraine for 2007-2015: Law of Ukraine from 09.01.2007. No 537-V. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/537-16#Text (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

Prikhodko, H., Emelyanova, A., Loboyko, S., Khutky, D., Kushnirenko, T. (2018). Index of local e-democracy in Ukraine: a pilot study. Kyiv. URL: https://cid.center/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/E-Dem-Index-2018.pdf (Last accessed 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

Chukut, S. A., Klimenko, I. V., Linyov, K. O. (2016). Electronic Government. Scientific and practical guide. URL: https:// ktpu.kpi.ua/wp-content/uploads/2016/02 (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

Baregamyan, S. Kh. (2019). E-government at the national, regional and local levels: current status and prospects for implementation in Ukraine. URL: http://www.dy.nayka.com.ua/pdf/11_2019/32.pdf (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

https://doi.org/10.32702/2307-2156-2019.11.30

On the National Informatization Program: Law of Ukraine from 04.02.1998. No 74/98-VR. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov. ua/laws/show/74/98-%D0%B2%D1%80#Text (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

Brintsev, O. V. (2016). "Electronic Court" in Ukraine. Experience and prospects. Kharkiv: Law [in Ukrainian].

European and international standards in the field of justice. (2015). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

CEPEJ has adopted a Toolkit for the implementation of e-Justice principles. URL: https://court.gov.ua/press/news/ 790085 (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

The European Commission on the Efficiency of Justice has adopted a toolkit for the introduction of e-justice. URL: https://ukrainepravo.com/news/ (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

Recommendation CM/Rec (2009) 1 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to the member states of 18 February 2009. URL: http://www.coe.int/t/dgap/ democracy / Activities / GGIS / CAHDE / 2009 / RecCM2009 (Last accessed: 15.10.2021).

URL: http://www.unba.org.ua/publications/5139-realizaciya-idei-elektronnogo-sudochinstva.html (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

Electronic court - the current state and ways to improve. URL: http://dspace.nlu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/12752/1/ Brincev_296-326.pdf (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

Electronic litigation: the experience of Europe. URL: https://loyer.com.ua/uk/elektronne-sudochynstvo-dosvid-yevropy/ (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

Zaplotinsky, B. A. (2018). Electronic litigation. Odessa. URL: http://dspace.onua.edu.ua/bitstream/handle/11300/ 11107/%D0%95%D0%A1%20%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BF%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%82%20 %D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%86%D1%96%D0%B9.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

On Electronic Documents and Electronic Document Management: Law of Ukraine from 22.05.2003. No 851-IV. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/851-15 (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

On Electronic Trust Services: Law of Ukraine from 05.10.2017. No 2155-VIII. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/ show/2155 (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

On Telecommunications: Law of Ukraine from 18.11.2003. No 1280-IV. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/ show/1280-15 (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

On the Judiciary and the Status of Judges: Law of Ukraine from 02.06.2016. No 1402-VІІІ. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov. ua/laws/show/1402-19 (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

On Access to Court Decisions: Law of Ukraine from 22.12.2005. No 3262-IV. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/ show/3262-15 (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

On the High Council of Justice: Law of Ukraine from 21.12.2016. No 1798-VIII. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/ show/1798-19 (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

On Ensuring the Right to a Fair Trial: Law of Ukraine from 12.02.2015. No 192-VIII. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/ laws/show/192-19 (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

On the Advocacy and Advocacy: Law of Ukraine from 05.07.2012. No 5076-VI. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/ show/5076-17 (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

On Amendments to Some Legislative Acts Aiming at Providing Additional Social and Economic Guarantees in Connection with the Spread of Coronavirus Disease (СOVID-2019): Law of Ukraine from 30.03.2020. No 540-IX. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/540-IX (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

On Amendments to the Commercial Procedural Code of Ukraine, Civil Procedure Code of Ukraine, Code of Administrative Procedure of Ukraine and Other Legislative Acts: Law of Ukraine from 03.10.2017. No 2147-VIII URL: https:// zakon.rada.gov.ua /laws/ show/2147-19 (Last accessed: 15.10.2021) [in Ukrainian].

Downloads

Published

2022-08-14

How to Cite

BARABASH, T., HUMENIUK, I., LEVYTSKA, L., & MUZA, O. (2022). Innovative Approaches to Judicial Modeling in the Context of E-Democracy: Prospects for Ukraine. Science and Innovation, 18(4), 120–130. https://doi.org/10.15407/scine18.04.120

Issue

Section

The World of Innovation