Mixed Fuel for Household Gas-Powered App liances as an Option to Replace Natural Gas with Hydrogen

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15407/scine18.03.010

Keywords:

atmospheric burner, efficiency of fuel use, environmental characteristics of flue gases, gas cooker, heating boiler, hydrogen as alternative fuel, interchangeability of fuel gases, laminar burning velocity.

Abstract

Introduction. In the opinion of world expert association, the global warming of boundary layer within the system of “Earth’s surface — ambient atmospheric air” has been caused by the effect of carbon-containing components (mainly CO2) referred to as greenhouse gas (along with H2O) and by the redistribution of radiative heat fluxes
within the environment.
Problem Statement. The principal sectors of economics influencing upon the greenhouse gas emission include an industry, electric and heat power generation, means of transport. However, in the Ukrainian conditions, the municipal and household gas supplying sector is of special significance given the structure and the main constituents of the national fuel balance, particularly in the case where a reduction in CO2
emissions is attained by carbohydrate fuel substitution with hydrogen.
Purpose. The purpose of this research is to determine the opportunities for safe operation conditions and the prospects for natural gas substitution with hydrogen by supplying household gas-powered appliances (HGA)
with mixed fuel and to experimentally study the feasibility (efficiency) and HGA environmental characteristics (harmful gas CO and NOx emissions).
Materials and Methods. The problem of environment decarbonization nowadays has been solved by substitution the natural gas (NG) with NG (methane) blended with hydrogen. The household gas devices: RÖDA heating boiler (Germany) and GRETA gas cooker stove (Ukraine) have been tested in terms of combustion of the MG (air mix containing up to 50% (vol.) [H2]) as compared with pure NG.
Results. The moderate impact of [H2] content in fuel gas in terms of power and environmental characteristics of HGA by varying the [H2] fraction within the range of [H2] = 0—50% (vol.) has been stated.
Conclusions. For the first time, the theoretically predicted possibility of safe operation of HGA with the use of methane-hydrogen mixes with [H2] content up to 50% has been experimentally proved. The boiler efficiency in terms of fuel consumption grows with increasing heat capacity, in contrast to the extreme dependence of the gas
stove efficiency on heat capacity.

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Author Biographies

B. Soroka, The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Prof. Boris Soroka

After graduating the Nat. Techn. University “Kiev Polytechnical Institute” he joined the Gas Institute, NASU and is working up-to-date, last time his position is Head of Department of High Temperature Heat & Mass Transfer.

  • Ph.D. in Industrial Heat Engineering, Institute of Engineering Thermal Physics of National Academy of Sciences, Ukraine (NASU), Kiev).
  • Doctor of Techn. Sciences, in Metallurgical Heat Engineering.
  • Professor in Industrial Heat Engineering.

Main areas of scientific activity are the following ones: development of applied combustion theory from the standpoint of chemical thermodynamics and kinetics, along with combustion mechanisms transportation constituents including radiative, convective and combined heat transfer, computation of high-temperature processes and equipment, the CFD modeling of combustion processes and chambers, numerical simulation of heat engineering and power plants, environmental aspects and pollutants formation. Applied areas: designs and operation modes of furnaces, combustion systems, heat exchangers and of different burner facilities being under protection his 65 national and international patents. Main implementation of developed equipment: the fuel furnaces, combustion plants, low-emission burners and high temperature heat recovery facilities.

During 20 last years Prof. B. Soroka cooperates continuously with the Gas Technology Institute (GTI, Chicago, USA) in area of low-emission combustion modeling. He participates in fulfillment the international scientific projects with the universities and research institutes in EU of well.

Prof. B. Soroka is author of more than 420 printed works (Germany, USA, France, Russia, Portugal, Great Britain, Hungary, etc) including 24 books and monographs (two of them were printed in USA and one more issue represents international Handbook), about 200 papers and presentations have been published in many countries.

Main scientific awards: 2006 – awarding with G.F. Proskura’s premium NASU for individual cycle of the works in combustion ecology and energy efficiency, 2007 – awarding as a member of international team with Academician A.V. Lyikov’s Premium, Byelorussian Academy of Sciences, for the cycle of works in area of heat-and – mass transfer under chemical reactions, 2017 –  Premium after V.I.Tolubinsky  of National Academy of Sciences, Ukraine ­ for set of outstanding works in Applied Combustion Theory. 2012 – awarding with National title as the Honored Member in Science & Technology of Ukraine.

     

K. Pyanykh, The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Pyanykh Kostyantyn, acting deputy director, Gas Institute of NASU, Doctor of Technical Sciences

     

V. Zgurskyi, The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Senior researcher of the department of high-temperature heat and mass transfer of the Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ph.D.

   

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Published

2022-06-09

How to Cite

Soroka Б., Pyanykh К., & Zgurskyi В. (2022). Mixed Fuel for Household Gas-Powered App liances as an Option to Replace Natural Gas with Hydrogen. Science and Innovation, 18(3), 10–22. https://doi.org/10.15407/scine18.03.010

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Section

Scientific and Technical Innovation Projects of the National Academy of Sciences