ESTIMATES OF METHANE EMISSIONS IN THE OIL-AND-GAS INDUSTRY OF UKRAINE: PROBLEMS AND WORLD EXPERIENCE IN THEIR SOLUTION
Keywords:greenhouse gases, oil and gas industry, identification of methane emission sources, methane emission estimation, technology
Introduction. Given the possible impact of economy decarbonisation policy decisions on the future of the oiland-gas industry, it is necessary to develop a strategy for its further development, taking into account both carbon dioxide and methane emissions.
Problem Statement. IIn recent years, many countries have been making efforts for reducing methane emissions in the oil-and-gas industry, several national and international initiatives have been formed. In Ukraine, not enough attention is paid to this matter.
Purpose. The purpose is to analyze the state of monitoring of methane emissions from the oil-and-gas industry of Ukraine and to generalize experience of other countries in this field.
Materials and Methods. Analysis of official estimates of methane emissions from the oil-and-gas industry of Ukraine. Review of authoritative literature sources and documents of international organizations on the estimate
of methane emissions from the industry, technological and institutional measures for monitoring and verification of these emissions.
Results. Comparative analysis of estimates of greenhouse gas emissions in the oil-and-gas industry based on the National GHG Inventory annual reports of the Naftogaz of Ukraine Group has been made. The peculiarities of methane emission sources in the industry and the problems of quantification of its emissions have been considered. Technological means and measures implemented in different countries to solve the problems of methane
emissions monitoring have been analyzed.
Conclusions. It has been concluded that there is a wide range of available technologies for detection and
quantification of methane emissions in the industry. The need to use national coefficients for estimating fugitive
emissions from oil-and-gas industry for the National GHG Inventory has been shown. An important factor in
reducing methane emissions from the industry shall be government policy that aims at developing and implementing regulatory standards and special economic tools.
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