Prospects for Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles for Medical and Biological Protection of the Civilians and the Military in the Safe Zone and the Joint Forces Operation (JFO) Area
Keywords:unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), medical protection of the civilians and the military, and Joint Forces Operation (JFO).
Introduction. In the 21st century, wars became revolutionary in terms of military affairs, as a result of the use of highprecision weapons, the large-scale application of various advanced information and analytical technologies, troop and weapon control systems, and the transition to noncontact combat operations, which have led to an increase in combat power due to the formation and the use of a single information and communication space in the combat zone.
Problem Statement. The use of unmanned aerial vehicles (hereinafter UAVs) for remedying the medical and social consequences of threats and improving the organization and provision of medical care to the civilians and the military is a relevant problem.
Purpose. The purpose of this research is to assess the prospects for the use of unmanned aerial vehicles for
medical reconnaissance and emergency assistance to the civilians and the military.
Material and Methods. The publications in open sources of information have been analyzed with the use of a systematic approach, in accordance with the relevant instructions and rules of the State Regulation of Activities
Involving the Use of the Airspace of Ukraine.
Results. The advantages of using UAVs for medical reconnaissance and provision of emergency medical aid to victims in the safety zone and the JFO area, with the application of telemedicine elements have been established. The prospects for the development of unmanned aviation for the purpose of its use for remedial works to eliminate the consequences of emergency situations have been assessed and substantiated. The capabilities of UAV equipment to receive information in real time with lower economic costs as compared with manned aviation forces and means have been identified. These capabilities provide additional advantages of the use of UAVs in epidemiological studies.
Conclusions. The implementation of UAVs while organizing the provision of emergency medical care in Ukraine will significantly improve the timeliness, availability and completeness of its provision, increase the survival of the wounded and sick people in combat zones and hard-to-reach places, bring them closer to the European and world standards.
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