Theoretical and Applied Aspects of the Development of Reform Institutions in Global and National Context
Keywords:reforms, theory of reforms, economy, institutes, inclusion, public policy
Introduction. Uncertainty in assessing the results of public policy reforms and lack of methodological consensus on the most appropriate approaches to the design and implementation of economic reforms and further complication of institutional conditions in the global and national terms require more thorough consideration of concepts related to knowledge and systematization of the content, structure, technology of implementation and evaluation
of reforms and their outcomes.
Problem Statement. Exacerbating contradictions and accumulating crises in the world economy, the need for fiscal consolidation and simultaneous stimulation of economic growth of national economies in the medium term require the refinement of scientific approaches and the development of relevant aspects of the most transparent, accountable, and rational design of national reform institutions.
Purpose. The purpose of this research is to generalize, to structure, and to systematize the information on theoretical and applied foundations of public policy reforms implementation in the context of developing approaches to design and evaluation of their outcomes and to determine the pathway towards ensuring efficiency of economic reforms in Ukraine.
Materials and Methods. Methods of retrospective and comparative analysis have been used to identify the evolution of categorical-conceptual and methodological toolkit of the reform theory; factual analysis has been
used to substantiate the pluralism of approaches of scientific schools and international organizations to the determination of reforms, their content, and outcomes.
Results. The approaches used by researchers for the analysis of reforms have been systematized with focus on the importance of understanding the challenges related to the social and redistributive effects of reforms; the approaches to the structuring the strategic and tactical aspects of reform on the basis of identification of the national institutions of reforms have been described.
Conclusions. The theoretical and applied aspects of research and regulation of public policy reform processes in global and national contexts have been generalized, approaches to the development of national reform institutions have been proposed.
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