AN EFFECTIVE BIOSORBENT DERIVED N EFFECTIVE BIOSORBENT DERIVED FROM PRODUCTION WASTE ROM PRODUCTION WASTE FOR WATER TREATMENT: STUDYING OR WATER TREATMENT: STUDYING THE ADSORPTION OF SYNTHETIC DYES HE ADSORPTION OF SYNTHETIC DYES
Keywords:cellulose, synthetic dyes, waste recycling, adsorption, kinetics, walnut shell, apricot stone, thermodynamics
Introduction. Eco-friendly disposal of food waste, in particular, nutshells and fruit kernels, is an important issue to ensure sustainable nature management. These secondary raw materials are the source of valuable polymeric materials, cellulose and lignin.
Problem Statement. IGiven the capacity of the food industry in Ukraine and the amount of waste produced, the development of technologies for processing lignin-cellulose biomass is an important research and practical issue.
Purpose. The purpose of this research is to study the adsorption properties of chemically modified biosorbent based on plant materials concerning synthetic dyes of different types and classes; to assess the feasibility of biosorbent production and efficiency of its application in water treatment.
Materials and Methods. Lignocellulose sorbent (LCS) has been synthesized from non-wood raw materials by chemical modification with the use of phosphoric acid with the addition of urea in an aqueous media. The Fourier transform infrared and standard methods of plant raw material analysis have been used to determine the physicochemical characteristics of LCS. The adsorption of anionic (methyl orange, alizarin red S, eosin Y), cationic (methylene blue, neutral red), and nonionic (aniline yellow) dyes on LCS from aqueous solution has been studied in the batch mode.
Results. The adsorption capacity of LCS towards cationic dyes (47.0–53.3 mg/g) is higher than that of anionic (22.2–36.9 mg/g) and nonionic (4.7 mg/g) ones. The adsorption kinetics have been adequately described by a pseudo-second-order equation. Adsorption of all classes of dyes on LCS is thermodynamically feasible, spontaneous, and endothermic process. The liquid by-product of LCS production contains 15% nitrogen and 10% phosphorus, so it may be used as a fertilizer.
Conclusions. The proposed method for processing food waste provides obtaining effective sorbent and liquid NP-fertilizer. LCS removes both cationic and anionic pollutants from water, so it may be considered a promising
biosorbent for water purification.
Halysh, V., Sevastyanova, O., Riazanova, A. V., Pasalskiy, B., Budnyak, T., Lindström, M. E., Kartel, M. (2018). Walnut
shells as a potential low-cost lignocellulosic sorbent for dyes and metal ions. Cellulose, 25, 4729—4742. https://doi.
Queirós, C. S. G. P., Cardoso, S., Lourenço, A., Ferreira, J., Miranda, I., Lourenço, M. J. V., Pereira, H. (2019). Characterization of walnut, almond, and pine nut shells regarding chemical composition and extract composition. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, 10, 175—188. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-019-00424-2
Angin, D. (2014). Utilization of activated carbon produced from fruit juice industry solid waste for the adsorption of Yellow 18 from aqueous solutions. Bioresource Technology, 168, 259—266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2014.02.100
Jahanban-Esfahlan, A., Ostadrahimi, A., Tabibiazar, M., Amarowicz, R. (2019). A comprehensive review on the chemical constituents and functional uses of walnut (Juglans spp.) husk. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20, 3920. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20163920
Bordbar, M., Mortazavimanesh, N. (2016). Green synthesis of Pd/walnut shell nanocomposite using Equisetum arvense L. leaf extract and its application for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol and organic dyes in a very short time. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24, 4093—4104. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-8183-y
Gupta, V. K., Suhas. (2009). Application of low-cost adsorbents for dye removal — A review. Journal of Environmental Management, 90(8), 2313—2342. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.11.017
Shah, J., Rasul Jan, M., Haq, A., Khan, Y. (2013). Removal of Rhodamine B from aqueous solutions and wastewater by walnut shells: kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics studies. Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering, 7, 428—436. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11705-013-1358-x
Hokkanen, S., Bhatnagar, A., Sillanpää, M. (2016). A review on modification methods to cellulose-based adsorbents to improve adsorption capacity. Water Research, 91, 156—173. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2016.01.008
Li, S., Zeng, Z., Xue, W. (2019). Kinetic and equilibrium study of the removal of reactive dye using modified walnut shell. Water Science & Technology, 80, 874—883. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2019.324
Ojo, T. A., Ojedokun, A. T., Bello, O. S. (2017). Functionalization of powdered walnut shell with phosphoric acid for
Congo red dye removal. Particulate Science and Technology, 11, 74—85. https://doi.org/10.1080/02726351.2017.1340914
Namal, O. O., Kalipci, E. (2018). Adsorption kinetics of methylene blue using alkali and microwave-modified apricot stones. Separation Science and Technology, 54, 1722—1738. https://doi.org/10.1080/01496395.2018.1541469
Abdolali, A., Guo, W. S., Ngo, H. H., Chen, S. S., Nguyen, N. C., Tung, K. L. (2014). Typical lignocellulosic wastes and
by-products for biosorption process in water and wastewater treatment: A critical review. Bioresource Technology, 160, 57—66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.12.037
Jahanban-Esfahlan, A., Jahanban-Esfahlan, R., Tabibiazar, M., Roufegarinejad, L., Amarowicz, R. (2020). Recent advances in the use of walnut (Juglans regia L.) shell as a valuable plant-based bio-sorbent for the removal of hazardous materials. RSC Advances, 10, 7026—7047. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9ra10084a
Ben Arfi, R., Karoui, S., Mougin, K. Ghorbal, A. (2017). Adsorptive removal of cationic and anionic dyes from aqueous solution by utilizing almond shell as bioadsorbent. Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration, 2, 20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41207-017-0032-y
Değermenci, G. D., Değermenci, N., Ayvaoğlu, V., Durmaz, E., Çakır, D., Akan, E. (2019). Adsorption of reactive dyes on lignocellulosic waste; Characterization, Equilibrium, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies. Journal of Cleaner Production, 225, 1220—1229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.03.260
Hashemian, S., Shayegan, J. (2014). A comparative study of cellulose agricultural wastes (almond shell, pistachio shell, walnut shell, tea waste and orange peel) for adsorption of violet b dye from aqueous solutions. Oriental Journal of Chemistry, 30, 2091—2098. https://doi.org/10.13005/ojc/300478
Soldatkina, L., Zavrichko, M. (2018). Equilibrium, kinetic, and thermodynamic studies of anionic dyes adsorption on corn stalks modified by cetylpyridinium bromide. Colloids Interfaces, 3, 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/colloids3010004
Suteu, D., Zaharia, C., Malutan, T. (2012). Equilibrium, kinetic, and thermodynamic studies of Basic Blue 9 dye sorption on agro-industrial lignocellulosic materials. Central European Journal of Chemistry, 10, 1913—1926. https://doi.org/10.2478/ s11532-012-0122-2
Ben’ko, E. M., Lunin, V. V. (2018). Adsorption of methylene blue on lignocellulosic plant materials. Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 92, 1794—1798. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0036024418090066
Yagub, M. T., Sen, T. K., Afroze, S., Ang, H. M. (2014). Dye and its removal from aqueous solution by adsorption: A review. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, 209, 172—184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cis.2014.04.002
Tang, R., Dai, C., Li, C., Liu, W., Gao, S., Wang, C. (2017). Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution using agricultural residue walnut shell: equilibrium, kinetic, and thermodynamic studies. Journal of Chemistry, 1—10. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8404965
Miyah, Y., L ahrichi, A., Idrissi, M., Khalil, A., Zerrouq, F. (2018). Adsorption of methylene blue dye from aqueous solutions onto walnut shells powder: equilibrium and kinetic studies. Surfaces and Interfaces, 11, 74—81. https://doi.
Namal, O. O., Kalipci, E. (2019). Adsorption kinetics of methylene blue removal from aqueous solutions using potassium hydroxide (KOH) modified apricot kernel shells. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 1—17. https://doi.org/10.1080/03067319.2019.1656721
Salleh, M. A. M., Mahmoud, D. K., Abdul Karim, W. A. W., Idris, A. (2011). Cationic and anionic dye adsorption by
agricultural solid wastes: A comprehensive review. Desalination, 280(1—3), 1—13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.07.019
Rangabhashiyam, S., Anu, N., Selvaraju, N. (2013). Sequestration of dye from textile industry wastewater using agricultural waste products as adsorbents. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 1(4), 629—641. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2013.07.014
Adegoke, K. A., Bello, O. S. (2015). Dye sequestration using agricultural wastes as adsorbents. Water Resources and Industry, 12, 8—24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wri.2015.09.002
Cao, J.-S., Lin, J.-X., Fang, F., Zhang, M. T., Hu, Z. R. (2014). A new absorbent by modifying walnut shell for the remo val of anionic dye: Kinetic and thermodynamic studies. Bioresource Technology, 163, 199—205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2014.04.046
Gurr, E. (19 71). Synthetic dyes in biology, medicine and chemistry. London, UK: Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-123-09650-0.X5001-7
Chen, W., Yu, H., Liu, Y. (2011). Preparation of millimeter-long cellulose I nanofibers with diameters of 30—80 nm from bamboo fibers. Carbohydrate Polymers, 86(2), 453—461. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2011.04.061
Zheng, D., Zhang, Y., Guo, Y., Yue, J. (2019). Isolation and characterization of nanocellulose with a novel shape from walnut (Juglans Regia L.) shell agricultural waste. Polymers, 11, 1130. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11071130
Demirbas, E., Kobya, M., Sulak, M. T. (2008). Adsorption kinetics of a basic dye from aqueous solutions onto apricot stone activated carbon. Bioresource Technology, 99(13), 5368—5373. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2007.11.019
Foo, K. Y., Hameed, B. H. (2010). Insights into the modeling of adsorption isotherm systems. Chemical Engineering Journal, 156(1), 2—10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2009.09.013
Saadi, R., Saadi, Z., Fazaeli, R., Fard, N. E. (2015). Monolayer and multilayer adsorption isotherm models for sorption from aqueous media. Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, 32, 787—799. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11814-015-0053-7
Qiu, H., Lv, L., Pan, B. C., Zhang, Q., Zhang, W., Zhang, Q. (2009). Critical review in adsorption kinetic models. Journal of Zhejiang University, 10, 716—724. https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A0820524
Al-Ghouti, M., Da’ana, D. (2020). Guidelines for the use and interpretation of adsorption isotherm models: A review. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 393, 122383. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.122383
Corbett, D., Kohan, N., Machado, G., Jing, C., Nagardeolekar, A., Bujanovic, B. (2015). Chemical composition of apricot pit shells and effect of hot-water extraction. Energies, 8, 9640—9654. https://doi.org/10.3390/en8099640
Ilczyszyn, M. M., Ratajczak, H., Barnes, A. J. (1992). Polarized infrared and Raman spectra of urea-phosphoric acid and urea-arsenic acid single crystals. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 23, 1—13. https://doi.org/10.1002/jrs.1250230102
Illy, N., Fache, M., Ménard, R., Negrell, C., Caillol S., David, G. (2015). Phosphorylation of bio-based compounds: the state of the art. Polymer Chemistry, 6, 6257—6291. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5py00812c
Ahn, B., Choi, U., Kwon, O. (2000). Electro-rheological properties of anhydrous ER suspensions based on phosphoric ester cellulose particles. Polymer International, 49, 567—573. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0126(200006)49:6<567::aidpi416>3.0.co;2-t
Ghazi Mokri, H. S., Modirshahla, N., Behnajady, M. A., Vahid, B. (2015). Adsorption of C.I. Acid Red 97 dye from aqueous solution onto walnut shell: kinetics, thermodynamics parameters, isotherms. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 12, 1401—1408. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-014-0725-6
Dahri, M. K., Kooh, M. R. R., Lim, L. B. L. (2014). Water remediation using low cost adsorbent walnut shell for removal of malachite green: Equilibrium, kinetics, thermodynamic and regeneration studies. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2(3), 1434—1444. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2014.07.008
Deniz, F. (2014). Effective removal of Maxilon Red GRL from aqueous solutions by walnut shell: Nonlinear kinetic and equilibrium models. Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy, 33, 396—401. https://doi.org/10.1002/ep.11797
Aydin, H., Baysal, G., Bulut, Y. (2009). Utilization of walnut shells (Juglans regia) as an adsorbent for the removal of acid dyes. Desalination and Water Treatment. 2, 141—150. https://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2009.251
How to Cite
Authors published in the journal “Science and Innovation” agree to the following conditions:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication.
Authors may enter into separate, additional contractual agreements for non-exclusive distribution of the version of their work (article) published in the journal “Science and Innovation” (for example, place it in an institutional repository or publish in their book), while confirming its initial publication in the journal “Science and innovation.” Authors are allowed to place their work on the Internet (for example, in institutional repositories or on their website).