Innovative Approach to the Creation of Textile Materials with Antimicrobial Properties
Keywords:environmental responsible, heavy metals, biocides, hygienic properties, thiosulfonates.
Introduction. In recent years, there has been a constant search for more advanced and environmentally friendly
means for antimicrobial treatment of cellulose-containing tissues of various intended uses in the textile industry.
Problem Statement. The problem of protection of textile materials and products from microbiological destruction is complex and multifaceted and needs to be solved. Today, one of the methods of protection is to provide textile materials with biocidal properties, which not only prevents the growth of bacteria, but can also ensure a high level of tissue safety. Therefore, we are faced with the task of finding new safe biocidal products.
Purpose. The research has been made to determine the level of safety of textile materials treated by biocidal
substances with the thiosulfonate structure including Ethylthiosulfanilate, Methylthiosulfanilate and Allylthiosulfanilate.
Materials and Methods. The fabrics of different chemical composition were used in the study, designed for the
manufacture of overalls. New preparations of thiosulfonate structure were chosen for impregnation: ethylthiosulfanilate (ETS), methylthiosulfanilate (MTS) and allylthiosulfanilate (ATS). The presence of heavy metals and pesticides was determined by atomic absorption spectrometry with the use of a ZEENIT 650P spectrometer (Germany).
Results. It has been established that the detected level of heavy metals and pesticides in the studied textile materials is insignificant and is within the regulatory requirements. It has been confirmed that the studied biocidal substances are low-toxic and environmentally friendly, because before and after treatment they did not change the hygienic parameters of tissues. A method for imparting biocidal properties to textile materials for the manufacture of overalls, in particular by impregnating textile materials with an alcoholic solution of biocidal products, has been developed. Also due to this treatment, the water absorption of materials decreases by an average of 40%.
Conclusions. The treatment of textile materials with biocidal preparations of the thiosulfonate structure allows
obtaining simultaneously two desired effects for these fabrics: the appropriate bioresistance and water resistance.
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